Pupil Nondiscrimination Glossary of Terms

Athletic programs or activities. Any organized competitive sports competition, approved or sponsored by the school board, between schools (interscholastic) or within schools (intramural).

Bias. An inclination for or against a person or group of persons based, in whole or in part, on sex, race, religion, national origin, ancestry, creed, pregnancy, marital or parental status, sexual orientation, or physical, mental, emotional, or learning disability, that inhibits impartial or objective judgment affecting pupils. (PI 9.02(1), Wis. Admin. Code)

Comparable scope. Number of teams in specific sports, length of season, number of contests, number of coaches, levels of competition, number of participants.

Comparable type. Whether the activity is team or individually oriented, offered in the same season, and uses similar skills.

Complainant. Any person eligible to file a complaint under s. 118.13, Wis. Stats., and PI 9, Wis. Admin. Code; in other words, a resident of the district or aggrieved person.

Creed. A system of religious beliefs, including moral or ethical beliefs about right and wrong, that are sincerely held with the strength of traditional religious views; as defined in s. 111.32(3m), Wis. Stats.

Culture. The ever-changing values, traditions, social and political relationships, and world view shared by a group of people bound together by a combination of factors that can include a common history/herstory, geographic location, language, social class, and or religion. (Sonia Nieto, Affirming Diversity: The Sociopolitical Context of Multicultural Education, Longman, 1992)

or

The ways of believing, feeling, and behaving of a group of people; the way of life of a people, their values, skills, customs, and resulting material culture. All people have culture. (A Guide to Developing Multicultural, Nonsexist Education Across the Curriculum, Iowa Department of Education, Des Moines, IA, 1989)

Discrimination. Any action, policy, or practice, including bias, stereotyping, and pupil harassment, which is detrimental to a person or group of persons and differentiates or distinguishes among persons, or which limits or denies a person or group of persons opportunities, privileges, roles or rewards based, in whole or in part, on sex, race, religion, national origin, ancestry, creed, pregnancy, marital or parental status, sexual orientation or physical, mental, emotional, or learning disability, or which perpetuates the effects of past discrimination. (PI 9.02(5), Wis. Admin. Code)

Diversity. Differences among people or peoples reflected in a variety of forms, including but not limited to race, culture, perspective, talent, interest, ability, gender, sexual orientation, age, religion, language and socio-economic status. (Programs for Educational Opportunity, School of Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Dr. Percy Bates, Director)

Educational Equity. The educational policies, practices and programs necessary to: (a) eliminate educational barriers based on gender, race/ethnicity, national origin, color, disability, age, or other protected group status; and (b) provide equal educational opportunities and ensure that historically underserved or underrepresented populations meet the same rigorous standards for academic performance expected of all children and youth. Educational equity knowledge and practices in public schools have evolved over time and require a comprehensive approach. Equity strategies are planned, systemic and focus on the core of the teaching and learning process (curriculum, instruction and school environment/culture). Educational equity activities promote the real possibility of equality of educational results for each student and between diverse groups of students.

Equal. Having the same privileges, status or rights.

Equitable. Exhibiting or characterized by equity; impartial or reasonable in judgment or dispensation; not necessarily equal or the same.

Multicultural Education. An idea, an educational reform movement, and a process whose major goal is to change the structure of educational institutions so that male and female students, exceptional students, and students who are members of diverse racial, ethnic, and cultural groups will have an equal chance to achieve academically in school. (James Banks, The Definition of Multicultural Education, Multicultural Lead, Winter/Spring 1991)

or

"An education that is multicultural is a lifelong process of learning and development that promotes mutual respect, excellence, and achievement for all by confronting historical and current inequities, fostering responsibility, productivity, and active participation in a diverse and evolving society." (Developed by the Northeast Consortium for Multicultural Education at the Multicultural Education Working Conference, February 1993)

National origin. Includes students with limited-English proficiency.

Protected class. A group that is protected from discrimination under state or federal law. Under s. 118.13, Wis. Stats., discrimination is prohibited on the basis of sex, race, religion, national origin, ancestry, creed, pregnancy, marital or parental status, sexual orientation or physical, mental, emotional, or learning disability.

Pupil Harassment. Behavior toward pupils based, in whole or in part, on sex, race, religion, national origin, ancestry, creed, pregnancy, marital or parental status, sexual orientation, or physical, mental, emotional, or learning disability which substantially interferes with a pupil's school performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive school environment. (PI 9.02(9), Wis. Admin. Code)

Sexual Orientation. Having a preference for heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality, having a history of such a preference or being identified with such a preference, as defined in s. 111.32(13m), Wis. Stats.